Catalan ex-leader Carles Puigdemont has called for immediate dialogue after leaving jail on bail in Germany.
So far, he and other separatists had received only a “repressive response” from Spanish authorities, he said.
He was arrested in northern Germany last month while travelling from Denmark on his way to Belgium, where he lives in self-imposed exile.
The former Catalan leader is wanted in Spain on sedition and other charges over last year’s independence vote.
But a German court has warned he could still face extradition.
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